Radio Hypnotic Intracerebral Control (RHIC)

Delgado's study entitled "Intracerebral Radio Stimulation and Recording in Completely Free Patiens"

In 1968, Delgado et al. published the study entitled "Intracerebral Radio Stimulation and Recording in Completely Free Patients" in the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. The study which is cited below is available in full text here.

Delgado JMR, Mark V, Sweet W, et al. INTRACEREBRAL RADIO STIMULATION AND RECORDING IN COMPLETELY FREE PATIENTS. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 1968;147(4):329 (URL

Electrodes were implanted in the brain and specifically in the amygdala of four patients. The electrodes were used for both EEG telemetry, meaning for remote transmission of the electric activity of the brain, using an EEG amplifier, as well as for stimulation, using a stimulator (attached to head bandage) which was operated by a remote radiofrequency (RF) transmitter. The purpose of this study was to identify abnormal intracerebral electrical activity and to test the effect of brain excitability.

RHIC in literature: first mention by former FBI agent and journalist

The term Radio Hypnotic Intracerebral Control (RHIC) first appeared [*] in the book entitled "Were We Controlled?" (Figure 1) written in 1969 by L. Lawrence (pseydonym), former FBI agent and journalist. He described it (p.38) as "the ultra-sophisticated application of post-hypnotic suggestion triggered at will by radio transmission. It is a recurring state, re-induced automatically at intervals by the same radio control. An individual is brought under hypnosis. This can be done either with his knowledge — or without it — by use of narco-hypnosis, which can be brought into play under many guises. He is then programmed to perform certain actions and maintain certain attitudes upon radio signal."

The content of "Were We Controlled?" is included in this book (the beginning of the above excerpt is highlighted).  The author of the additional content, Kenn Thomas, mentions that the beginning of the book gives the science and history of Radio Hypnotic Intracerebral Control/Electronic Dissolution of Memory (RHIC/EDOM), "which it claims grew out of the work of Yale professor Jose Delgado". The author comments that Delgado's work has "roots in Russian neurology and radio control of the brain, and in the 1930s Soviet study of hypnogenic mental suggestion". 

The RHIC technique has also been cited according to the previously mentioned reference by Walter Bowart in "Operation Mind Control", and by journalist James Moore, in a 1975 issue of a periodical called "Modern People", claiming "to have secured a 350-page manual, prepared in 1963, on RHIC-EDOM [37]". J. Moore maintains "that he received the manual from CIA sources, although — interestingly — the technique is said to have originated in the military."

An excerpt related to RHIC can be found in this book by J. Keith. It is mentioned that "RHIC-EDOM is described by both Lawrence and Moore as a product of military research" while "Gottlieb spoke only of matters pertaining to CIA."

Lawrence also stated that "there is already in use a small EDOM generator-transmitter which can be concealed on the body of a person. Contact with this person — a casual handshake or even just a touch — transmits a tiny electronic charge plus an ultra-sonic signal tone which for a short while will disturb the time orientation of the person affected [39]".  It could be added that the sentiment of "missing time" has been reported by experimentation abductees (cf. alien abductions).

Another excerpt from a book by Alex Constantine  ( is provided below:

"The Microwave Mafia often rely on the implantation of miniaturized radio receivers. The technique is known as intra-cerebral control and uses radio or ultra-sound. It was developed by the CIA's MKDRACO and HATTER brain telemetry projects. The implantation of a micro-receiver in the frontal of temporal lobes by trained teams in operatives is done with an “encaphalator”, usually through the sinuses of a drugged subject (43)*."

Figure 1: Excerpt from the book "Were we controlled?" by L. Lawrence (pseydonym), former FBI agent and journalist, referring to RHIC. 

Figure 2: Excerpt from U.S. Senate hearing citing RHIC.

MKULTRA director asked about RHIC in Congressional hearing (1977)

In 1977, following the discovery by the CIA of MKULTRA documents as a result of a FOIA request, two Congressional hearings took place. In the second one, which was held before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources* on Sept. 20 and 21, 1977, Senator Schweiker asked the MKULTRA director about the notion of "Radio-Hypnotic Intracerebral Control" (RHIC), a combination of radio transmission and hypnosis. The record of the hearing can be found at the URL (Figure 2) and at this CIA record. It is noted that Senator Schweiker would later be the 14th U.S. Secretary of Health (1981-83). An excerpt from the hearing follows.

*currently "Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions" abbrev. HELP

Schweiker: Some of the projects under MK-ULTRA involved hypnosis, is that correct?

Gottlieb: Yes.

Schweiker: Did any of these projects involve something called radio-hypnotic-intra-cerebral control, which is a combination, as I understand it, in layman's terms, of radio transmission and hypnosis?

Gottlieb: My answer is “No”.

Schweiker: None whatsoever?

Gottlieb: Well, I am trying to be responsive to the terms that you used. As I remember it, there was a current interest, running interest, all the time in what affects people's standing in the field of radio energy have, and it could easily have been that somewhere in many projects, someone was trying to see if you could hypnotize someone easier if he was standing in a radio beam. That would seem like a reasonable piece of research to do.

What I am saying, I do not see that being the focus of a large interest or successful result come out of this.